The rules governing arbitration in Madagascar (whether national or international) are contained in Book IV of the Malagasy Code of Civil Procedure. These provisions originally derived from Order No. 62-058 of 24 September 1962, but were subsequently repealed and replaced by the provisions of Law No. 98-019 of 2 December 1998 relating to arbitration, which was further amended by Law No. 2001-022 of 9 April 2003.
The provisions relating to international arbitration are substantially inspired by the Model Law of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law.
In addition to these national official texts, a number of international treaties govern the arbitration practice in Madagascar. In this regard, Madagascar is a signatory to the New York Convention of 1958 on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards, as well as of the Washington Convention of 1965 on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of other States.
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